Biological and Medical Science,Modern Technologies and Environment Council is one of the important constituents of SAS. This Council administers the implementation of the programs presented by the National Centre for Research, which possesses the capacity for conducting research and the experience of application of research results, as shown by its different specialized institution. The National Centre for Research is now affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology.
- Contribution in formalizing science and technology polices pertinent to the economic and social revival in the disciplines of biological and medical sciences and relevant advanced technologies.
- Conducting scientific and technological research.
- Providing logistical support to research in medical and biological sciences and modern technologies.
- Transferring, promoting and disseminating of technology in medical and biological sciences.
- Training of researchers, assistant researchers and other specialized personnel, all over the country.
- Disseminating scientific knowledge in medical, biological science and relevant modern technologies.
- Encouraging the private sector to adopt research findings in medical and biological sciences, and in modern technology.
- Giving support to innovations and discoveries, leading to scientific excellence.
- Promotion of types and contents of research related to development based on modern scientific methods applied in environmental conservation and economic utilization of natural recourses.
- Training of research personnel to be capable of contribution towards the economic and social development of the Sudan.
- Finding suitable alternatives to the activities harmful to the environment and natural resources.
- Monitoring and assessing of environmental problems and degradation and finding out suitable ways for rehabilitation.
- Utilizing untapped natural recourses, and suggesting development themes.
Agriculture research started in 1902 in the Sudan for the study of the possibility of cotton cultivation by irrigation in northern Sudan and by rain in southern Sudan. In 1967 agriculture research which was a department in the Ministry of Agriculture, gained an independent status under the name of Agriculture Research Corporation. In 2001 the latter became one of the components of the Sudan Ministry of Science and Technology.
The Agriculture Research Corporation is now a member of the Federal Union of the Sudan Academy of Sciences, and supervises and executes the agriculture research programs sponsored by SAS.
Objectives of Agriculture Research Programs:
- Training of specialized personnel and awarding of postgraduate degrees to qualified candidates in agriculture research.
- Carrying out research to establish an information base and proper technological packages for agricultural development.
- Training of middle specialized personnel in agriculture.
- Dissemination of agriculture technology among stakeholders and beneficiaries.
Postgraduate studies in animal resources represent an important component of the national resources conservation. These research programs deals with applied research, relevant to the development priorities, spelt out in the 25- years' National Strategic Plan. The scientific record of livestock health in the Sudan goes back to 1913. The advancement in diagnostic methods led to the establishment of regional veterinary laboratories for diagnosis of epidemic-diseases, vaccine production and research. This was followed by the establishment of the Veterinary Research Corporation in 1995, while supervises execution of animal resources research programs endorsed by SAS. .
- Protection of the national livestock wealth from disease and epidemics, especially those which affect export.
- Genealogy of Sudanese breeds of livestock and poultry, its improvement and production systems.
- Protection and development of the fisheries wealth and promotion of fish- culture techniques.
- Protection of wildlife biodiversity and promotion of national game parks and national protected areas, and improvement of techniques of game capturing.
The programs are under the supervision of the Industrial Research and Consultation Centre, established in 1965, by assistance of the United Nation's Development Organization (UNIDO). IRCC is a national non- commercial centre. The primary objective of the Centre is taking active role in the promotion and development of the industrial sector, through executive and consultative assistance. The Centre is now affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology.
- Giving priority to applied scientific research related to the problems faced by the industrial sector.
- Transfer, nationalization of technology and development of local technology.
- Urging researches and innovators to work for the production of new local technologies, innovations and patents for the enhancement of the national development.
- Utilization and development of local industrial raw material, in the various engineering sectors, e.g. Electricity, communication, building materials, conductors, weaving, energy, environment, environmental engineering, design and production engineering, biotechnology and industrial engineering.
- Design of training programs in various industrial disciplines.
- Cooperation and linking with international inveterate academies in various vital aspects.
The Atomic Energy Research Institute was established in 1991 as one of the research institutes of the National Centre for Research.
The National Atomic Energy Board on the other hand remained under the supervision of the Minister of Higher Education, and designated coordination of the technical aid granted by the Atomic Energy Agency for augmenting atomic technology in the Sudan.
The Sudanese National Assembly issued the Sudanese Atomic Energy Corporation Act in January 1996, and in 2001, the Corporation was affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology. The Corporation is a member of the Federal Union of the Sudan Academy of Sciences, and implements the postgraduate programs in atomic energy, approved by SAS.
- Transfer, encourage, develop and apply atomic science and technology in various relevant research aspects; (e.g. agriculture, food, livestock, human health, water, energy, radiation protection, maintenance of industry equipment, the environment and development of human resources).
- Serving development purposes through facing the challenges of sustainable development and linking between effectiveness and efficiency.
- Attracting the support of regional and international establishments related to the area of specialization.
- Qualification and training of human personnel through the atomic energy research programs.
- Obtaining laboratory equipments for building the required infra- structures, for transfer of atomic technology and its utilization in peaceful applications.
Research in alternative energies started in 1950 in the Sudan, with the building of a number of air- mills in the Gazera area for supply of drinking-water, for human consumption. In 1972 the Energy Research Institute was established, and in 2001 the Institute was affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology, and became responsible for supervision of relevant research programs sponsored by SAS.
- The Energy and Earth Sciences Council provides opportunities for higher qualification in advanced and essential technology, offering opportunities for new specializations required by the real developmental needs in traditional energy research; such as electricity, oil, and natural gas. Also in new renewable energies, and its production and utilization for surface and artesian water pumping, earthquake and earth stratification mining and other socioeconomic and environmental studies.
- Close linkage of research with the actual development needs.
- Widening the scope of specialization in the fields of energy and earth sciences.
- Ideal utilization of resources in the fields of energy and earth sciences.
The Institute of Socioeconomic Research was establishing in 1970 under the name "Socioeconomic Research Council". From the start the Institute proved its fore- front role in augmenting development efforts by carrying out specialized research in relevant themes. Its efforts have been planned to constitute a cornerstone in Sudanese development. The Institute became part of the National Centre for Research in 1991, and then affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology. In 2007 the Institute gained independence under the name "The Socioeconomic Commission" which now supervises the implementation of socioeconomic and human studies programs adopted by SAS.
- Organization, encouragement and coordination of socioeconomic research work, for achieving socioeconomic development in the Sudan, according to the endorsed national policies.
- Synthesis of the socioeconomic and humanities research policies, acting as consultant to the state, suggesting the plans of implementation of these policies with the appropriate utilization of the available human and natural resources.
- Publication of the socioeconomic and humanities research findings, through printed material, circulars, conferences, seminars, and workshops.
- Exchange of experience and strengthening of institutional relations with the various relevant centers and colleges, inside and outside the Sudan.
The supervision of communication and information programs adopted by SAS have been assigned to the Informatics industry sector of the Ministry of Science and Technology. This sector shoulders the implementation of training and qualification research programs in information disciplines, in cooperation with:
1. Federal units of SAS and other relevant bodies Such as:
- Documentation and Information Centre.
- Remote –sensing corporation.
- Mieraj Company for Space Technology.
2. Some organizations outside the Ministry of Science and Technology, e.g. National Communication Corporation and SUDATEL.
- Production of information technology and its popularization.
- Qualifying and training researchers and assistant staff in information technology and communication sciences
- Contribution in training of researchers working on informatics related sciences.
- Encouragement of research results publication, and documentation in informatics and communication disciplines.
These programs are supervised by the National Centre fort Diplomatic Studies; which is an educational and training center established in 13/1/1992 to develop the diplomatic capabilities and skills.
The Centre belongs to the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and localized in Khartoum.
- Conducting research in various areas related to political, diplomatic and strategic fields.
- Carrying out and studies and specialized research work in African, Arabic and international issues.
- Enabling studying groups, to conduct specialized research.
- Gathering the outstanding studies and research in a unified manner, in order to assist decision makers to select the required material from an established references collection.
- Award of higher degrees to interested candidates.
- Supply of qualified scientific and specialized personnel in diplomatic, political and strategic work.
SAS community Service Council has been very active in organization of non-degree training sessions for members of the community.
These are in response to community needs in technical and technological fields, mainly attended by trainee professionals and artisans.
The Council also holds public lectures in popular Science and Technology.
The following are some examples of the Community Council achievements:
- Title of Training sessions:
- Agriculture Technology.
- Technical training in computer operations.
- Design of concrete buildings.
- Research methodology.
- Design of concrete and steel buildings.
- Statistic of Analysis (SPSS Program).
- Documentation and Librarianship.
- Bridges “Design”.
- Sewage water Recycling.
- Public Lectures:
- Sudanese Women Organization.
- Education Policies for combating AIDS.
- Abuse of Drugs among Youth.
- Geographical Information System.
- Project Management.