This study was designed to assess involvement of researchers in climate change adaptation and their capacity to generate scientific evidence on climate change adaptation policies and plans of action. Information used for conducting study included both primary and secondary data. An inventory of research scientists working in climate change in agriculture and water resources including animal agriculture was made. The study showed a clear indication of limited scientific evidence on climate change impact assessment both in water resources and animal agriculture. Only 15.4% of the research programs (4 out of 26) had elements of climate change impact assessment on animal agriculture and water resources.
Also, very limited research was conducted to contribute to the understanding of the climate change impact in animal agriculture and water resources. Research programs and projects together with development programs and projects of research involvement (both locally and externally funded) were 49 out of which only 23 were externally funded. Most of the projects handled adaptation options related to development and improvement of adapted crop varieties and enhancing livelihood/income resilience. The low percent of agricultural water management practices (20.0%) and adaptation knowledge (17.8%) may be related to few scientists with background in environmental sciences or water and agricultural engineering compared to crop and soil sciences. Potential adaptation strategies related to climate forecasts and animal agriculture were less common compared to reforestation and agro-forestry and agronomic aspects. It was concluded that there is a high pressing need to enhance the capacity of researchers to generate scientific evidence on impact assessments and adaptation options, and strengthen the communication platforms among researchers and policy makers. This would ensure that science-based research findings are communicated and thereby used in influencing climate change policies, plans, and strategies. This would assist in proper planning and implementing climate change mitigation adaptation strategies, hence improving animal agriculture under pastoral and agro-pastoral in Sudan and similar areas in the Sudan.